The 19th century began in an era of local commerce. Most everything you purchased came from your farm or from local manufacturers. But the century ended as an era of national commerce, where well recognized "brand names" were sold coast to coast.
This happened for several reasons. First of all, in 1800 America did not extend from coast to coast. By 1900 it did, and with the entire nation linked together by an efficient rail system. Of course there was also that Industrial Revolution thing going on that encouraged large scale manufacturing. But another factor was the birth of mass advertising. In 1800 you might nail up a broadside poster on the village green. In 1900 you could buy advertising in newspapers across the nation.
One industry which really led the way in this regard was the patent medicine business. These products-often extravagantly named hootch-were among the first to be marketed on a nation wide scale.
A typical advertising gimmick for these companies was the annual almanac. These were given out free each year, with a handy little hook or loop to hang them up in a convenient spot. They actually had a lot of useful information in them; calenders, horoscopes, crop planting advice, first aid measures. Of course these were liberally sprinkled with testimonials, cartoons, and flat out advertisements for the sundry elixers, bitters, cures and syrups made by the company.
I have a few of these sitting around. They can be purchased on the cheap, and provide some interesting glimpses of life in the 19th (and very early 20th) century.
Jumbo the famous elephant owned by P.T. Barnum. Jumbo was hit by a train in 1885.
But sometimes the pages of the almanacs yield only mystery. Here is a page from a Swedish language almanac.